is cousin marriage banned in pakistan

Is Cousin Marriage Banned in Pakistan – The Truth

Since ancient times, discussions on cousin marriage, also known as consanguineous marriage, have taken place on a cultural, sociological, and legal level. The custom of cousin marriage is a complicated topic in Pakistan, a nation rich in traditions and values, entwining historical customs, religious beliefs, and legal requirements. This article explores the legality, cultural significance, and implications of cousin marriages in Pakistan.

Is Cousin Marriage Legal in Pakistan?

Cousin marriage is allowed in Pakistan. In reality, many communities there see it as a normal practice linked to their culture. The official laws in Pakistan don’t specifically say “no” to cousin marriages. But, because having children from such marriages might lead to health problems due to shared genes, there have been discussions and debates about this across the country. Even though these concerns exist, cousin marriages are still quite usual in Pakistan due to their society’s customs. Remember, different places and groups in Pakistan might have their own rules and social traditions.

Psychological Perspectives on Cousin Marriage

Psychological Insights into Cousin Marriage

Cousin marriage is a practice that has psychological effects on people engaged as well as the community at large. It also has cultural and societal significance. Psychologists have studied the complexities of cousin marriage, looking at how it affects people individually, families collectively, and society. Let’s investigate the psychological perspective on this technique.

1. Identity and Belonging

Identity and Belonging cousin marriage

Marriage between cousins frequently makes family connections stronger. The closeness and unity come from the familiarity and shared moments that cousins have. This special bond forms because of these connections, which also help create a strong support system. This support system can make a positive difference in how mentally well individuals feel.

2. Family Dynamics

Family Dynamics in cousin marriage

Marriage between cousins can impact how families get along, sometimes in good and sometimes in hard ways. It can make families feel closer, but it can also make things a bit complicated between relatives. People who study the mind think that when family roles and what’s expected from each other get mixed up, it can cause disagreements and power struggles.

3. Emotional Complexities

Feelings are really important in cousin marriages. Some people feel a strong emotional bond because they have a lot of shared experiences. But, other people might have a hard time dealing with mixed-up feelings because of what society expects, what they personally want, and what their family wants. These complicated emotions can make them feel really stressed and confused inside.

4. Societal Perception and Stigma

Societal Perception and Stigma of cousin marriage in pakistan

Studies in psychology show that how society sees and talks about cousins marrying each other can affect how people feel about themselves and how mentally well they are. When people are in these kinds of marriages, they might be treated unfairly by others and looked down upon, which can make them feel alone and really sad. This shows how much society’s ideas can hurt how we feel about the choices we make.

5. Decision-Making and Autonomy

Psychology focuses on how important it is to make choices on your own and have control over them. When it comes to marrying your cousin, you might feel torn between following what your culture expects and going after what you really want. This inner battle can lead to feeling stressed and confused about who you are.

6. Coping Strategies

Coping Strategies in cousin marriage

Marrying your cousin might mean that you need to come up with smart ways to handle its different problems. Experts say that dealing with these issues in a good way, like talking openly, creating limits, and asking for help, is really important for taking care of your mind when you marry your cousin.

7. Intergenerational Patterns

Intergenerational Pattern in cousin marriage

The way our family members in the past have acted and the things they’ve passed down to us also matter. How people feel about marrying their cousins can be affected by what their parents and grandparents went through. These family influences can shape how people see this custom and affect how they feel mentally.

8. Cultural Conflict and Integration

 Cultural Conflict and Integration

For people who live in societies with many different cultures, marrying your cousin could create a problem between the traditions of your culture and what the society expects. Psychologists say that it’s important to mix your culture with the way you feel good mentally. It can be hard to do this and figure out who you are.

Drawbacks of Cousin Marriage

Drawbacks of Cousin Marriage

Cousin marriages, while culturally accepted in many societies, come with potential drawbacks that can have social, health, and psychological implications. Here are six drawbacks associated with cousin marriages:

Health Risks from Genes

One major worry is the higher rate of passing on genetic problems to children when close relatives marry. This happens because the likelihood of sharing certain hidden genetic traits and changes is greater. This can result in a high rate of infant of mortality and health troubles in their kids.

Less Variety in Genes

When cousins marry, it can lead to a smaller variety of genes in families and groups. This smaller range of genes might make it harder for the population to handle diseases and changes in the environment.

Being Seen Differently by Society

In some places, people might look down upon or consider cousin marriages as something not acceptable due to the possible health problems linked to them. This kind of social view can result in feeling alone, being treated unfairly, and having difficulties in forming social bonds.

Less Freedom in Decisions

Sometimes, individuals might feel pushed into marrying their cousins because their families expect it or because it’s part of their culture. This can limit their independence and their ability to choose life partners on their own.

Problems Inside Families

Getting married within the extended family can create complicated relationships between families. Disagreements, fights for control, and different expectations between families can make relationships tense and difficult.

Stress on the Mind

The emotional challenges of cousin marriages can cause stress for people. Trying to balance what they want personally, what their family wants, and what society thinks can lead to feeling conflicted inside and affecting how mentally well they are.


“Consanguineous marriages and their association with women’s reproductive health and fertility behavior in Pakistan: secondary data analysis from Demographic and Health Surveys, 1990–2018” (2022) by Ayesha Nasir et al. This study found that Consanguineous marriages are linked to a higher risk of adverse reproductive outcomes in women, including stillbirths, infant deaths, and low birth weight.

According to a 2014 study by the Malakand District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (KPK), data from Pakistan, first- or second-degree cousins were the intended spouses in 66.4% of rural marriages. In some regions, it has been reported that Pakistan’s higher percentage of first-cousin marriages is the reason why the population’s rate of blood disorders has grown.


In conclusion, the tradition of cousins getting married in Pakistan is a complicated topic influenced by social norms, laws, and health concerns. Although not illegal, it has important emotional effects. Grasping the intricate connections between who we are, how families work, our feelings, how society sees things, our independence, how we handle challenges, how traits pass down generations, and how different cultures come together shows how wide-ranging this issue is. For people, families, and societies to make choices that fit both their well-being and cultural beliefs, they need to know the good and not-so-good sides. Research emphasizes the ongoing need to look into what happens from cousin marriages, helping individuals make better choices and promoting honest conversations.

People also ask

People Also Ask
Are cousins banned to get married in Pakistan?
No, cousin marriage is not banned in Pakistan. It is a culturally accepted practice in many communities and is not explicitly prohibited by law.
Is cousin marriage allowed in Islam?
Cousin marriage is allowed in Islam. Islamic law permits marriage between first cousins, considering them as mahram (close relatives) and not subject to the same prohibitions as more closely related individuals.
In which country cousin marriage is illegal?
Numerous nations, including China, Taiwan, North Korea, and some states in the United States, forbid cousin marriage. Due to cultural, medical, and legal reasons, laws and regulations differ around the world.
Is it safe to marry cousins?
Marrying cousins can carry health risks due to increased chances of genetic disorders. The closer the blood relation, the higher the risk. Couples considering cousin marriage should seek genetic counseling to understand potential risks and make informed choices.

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